The Great Recreational Real Estate Write-Down
A group of us were having lunch on my recent ski trip to the French Alps.
One of the guys leaned across the table and showed me some photos on his iPhone.
The images showed a stunning piece of property. A gorgeous chalet set amongst the trees and snow of a mountain resort in western Canada. A very seductive piece of real estate.
I commented that he and his wife must rattle around in there like peas in a pod given how big the property was.
“Yep, we do, now that the kids have grown and are off doing their own thing.”
Expensive to run I queried?
“Very” came back the reply, instantly. Accompanied with a sigh…
I thought so…
He continued, “In fact I could take two months holiday each year in some of the best resorts in the world with the cash that I pay just to manage this place.”
And that would be hassle free. Walk in, walk out. Maintenance and all those other costs are someone else’s problems.
Did he have any plans for the property I asked?
“Absolutely. We’re trying to sell the place.”
He’s now retired. The capital locked in that asset needs be put to better use producing income. His property simply wasn’t doing that.
So how is the sale process going?
“It’s been on the market for nearly a year. No serious buyers yet.”
He’ll have to drop the price quite a bit to shift it.
That hurts, but given he built it almost twenty years ago, he’ll still probably come out ahead.
If he can sell it…
I hear this story repeated constantly from friends and acquaintances all over the world.
This story happened to be in Canada, but it could just as easily as have been Tuscany, Provence, Phuket, Niseko, or the Algarve.
The ingredients are always the same.
They fell in love with a piece of “recreational real estate.”
The family don’t really use it much these days. The kids have flown the nest and have their own agendas.
Maintenance and management costs are very high. This isn’t a simple lock-up-and-leave apartment.
Worst of all, the property cannot produce a decent reliable rental income stream.
And this all comes just as retirement is hitting home and that regular paycheck is fading…
The following day and a similar story.
This time a property in France, but with a slight twist.
Although in this case it was a delightful country property that could produce some income as a B&B, the French tax regime makes running a small business virtually impossible.
The French bureaucracy is stifling. Take my ski instructor for example. His little ski instruction business requires the services, and costs, of at least two tax advisors.
It’s no surprise that tens of thousands of French people have moved to Hong Kong in the past decade. France simply doesn’t support entrepreneurial-minded people who want the freedom to create personal wealth.
So a sale is their only escape. The money will be taken to England where a real estate rental business can be viable and the tax system is codified and transparent.
So what’s the problem? Well, the real estate market in rural France is dead.
The owners know they are going to take a big hit if they are to get their cash out in any kind of reasonable time frame.
I know other owners of recreational type real estate in France, Italy, Spain, Croatia, New Zealand, Australia, even Canada and the U.S. who are trapped with their properties.
Yet, in major cities in these countries real estate markets are often doing well. Prices have recovered in many and now stand at levels well above pre-crisis highs.
Even if they are not at such levels, recovery is in the air at least.
But more importantly, there is liquidity. By that I mean deals are getting done.
That is not the case in those wonderful beach, river, mountain and lakeside locations.
Regular readers will know that I am a big believer in owning real estate for long term capital preservation, growth and income.
A small property or two in your investment portfolio can provide a big boost to your income stream later in life.
As we know, the vast majority of people retire with an income stream way less than that immediately prior to retirement.
Huge numbers retire without any private income stream at all. Reliance on state handouts is their lot.
The western world is facing a retirement crisis. It’s a fact. And it’s something you’ll hear more from us on in the coming months.
Regular readers will also know my views on recreational real estate investment. In my opinion, it is often not an investment at all. It is an expensive consumption item.
We all have the potential to get seduced by that wonderful country cottage, the beach house, the chalet in the mountains. I have almost succumbed to this temptation a number of times myself.
I remember sitting in the enormous garden of a friends house in the south of France one sunny summer afternoon a few years ago, drinking rose and thinking “I could make this work.” I even got in touch with a few agents… But fortunately, I came to my senses.
The trouble is that rationality tends to fly out the window when we look at these beautiful examples of the builder’s art. There is no doubt that you and the family may love to spend a couple of weeks, or even a month a year if you’re lucky.
But think about some of the realities.
Owning a recreational home somewhere means that you will probably feel obliged to go there every holiday you take. It narrows your options. Perhaps you might want to go to other places, experience other countries, locations, activities. Owning that cottage by the lake means that you may not get to enjoy other experiences so much, if at all.
And what about management of the cottage, chalet, house when you are not there. Or when you do go there. I know people who spend the first week of their holiday doing maintenance chores and fixing broken gear at their holiday home. If that is what cranks your crank, then fine. But for most of us, we view our holiday time a bit differently.
And who is going to manage the property for the many months that you are not there? To check that pipes have not broken, that the windows and roof are not leaking. To ensure the place doesn’t become overrun with insects, mice, cockroaches… it happens, I assure you.
And then there is the cost of that management service. Employing a professional management company can be expensive. You can pay anywhere from 10 to 40% of your rental income to your management and listing agency.
On top of that you have all those local fees, duties, taxes, and charges that might be levied on you as an owner. Which may differ if you are a foreigner.
And if you’re a foreigner, there are plenty of countries in Asia where you have very weak property rights.
For example in Thailand, you’re not allowed to have outright ownership of landed property (i.e. a house, not a condo/apartment).
You can have 49% ownership. Then you need to get a (trusted) lawyer to create a structure that allows you to circumvent that. On top of that, the land is only leasehold and often just a 30 year lease.
My email inbox is loaded with files of wonderful, seductive, gorgeous recreational real estate sent by agents from all over the place.
I do find myself having a browse and getting a sense of how markets are behaving. But I do not get tempted these days.
I have enough expensive vices in life as it is. Being a boat owner is one of them!
But don’t get me wrong. I don’t believe you should never indulge your real estate fantasies. But recognise them for what they are. Just that. A wonderful fantasy, to be enjoyed and paid for.
The two examples I gave earlier are just a couple of many that I’ve seen over the years. I’ve seen so many friends and acquaintances put their hard earned money into holiday real estate without even owning proper investment real estate!
To my younger readers, the ones in their thirties who’ve maybe now got a little cash in the bank, please ignore recreational real estate. Forget about it.
In my opinion, it only makes sense if you already have a property or two under your belt, maybe a home and an investment property.
I know if you live in London or Hong Kong you won’t necessarily be able to afford a family home. But please, if you are looking at real estate make sure at least it’s a solid investment property.
And by that I mean, a nice one or two bedroom apartment. It should be a location where people where a suit and tie to go to work. Somewhere you and a better half would be happy to live yourselves.
That’s exactly how I’ve built my investment property portfolio. My properties all have 1 to 3 bedrooms. They’re located in areas favoured by professionals and are therefore rarely vacant. They are in major global cities with solid property rights and a transparent legal system. And they require minimal maintenance.
By the time you’re in your late 50’s, the mortgage is paid off, you will likely be sitting on good capital gains. On top of that you’ll have an asset that’s spinning you off free cash flow month after month.
I can’t tell you how many folks in my generation wish they had a couple of those kinds of assets right now…
P.S. I’ve made more money in real estate than all the combined salary I’ve earned in my entire lifetime. I put together a short report, my “Guide to Real Estate Investing – Lessons From The Trenches” summarises what I believe you need to do if you want to make money in property. It’s available to subscribers of The Churchouse Letter, but I’ve made the first short section available to non-subscribers here.
|Peter Churchouse is a widely respected analyst and commentator on financial markets with well over 3 decades residing in Asia. He spent over 15 years as Asia Strategist and Head of Research for Morgan Stanley as well as running a hedge fund. He shares his knowledge, insight and investment recommendations through his subscription publication The Churchouse Letter, along with his free newsletter Peter’s Perspective.|